1. Gëzim Visoka (2012), ‘The Obstacles to Sustainable Peace and Democracy in Post-Independence Kosovo’, in Carol Rank and Marwan Darweish (eds), Peacebuilding and Reconciliation: Contemporary Challenges and Themes, London: Pluto Press, pp. 32-43.
This chapter investigates how the prospects for building a sustainable peace, establishing a democratic polity and consolidating sovereignty in Kosovo are constrained by a number of interrelated factors. The chapter explores how the fragmentation of sovereignty is affected by Serbian parallel structures and an overlapping and divided international presence, and how social emancipation is obstructed by weak governance, ethnic power-sharing and social injustice. The chapter argues that building sustainable peace is more likely when there is sufficient local autonomy and ownership of processes, an effective functioning of democracy and state institutions, as well as social emancipation and a locally-owned transformation of ethnic hostilities and differences.