12. Gëzim Visoka (2019), ‘Towards a Critical Agenda on State Recognition’, in Gëzim Visoka, John Doyle, and Edward Newman (eds) Routledge Handbook of State Recognition, London: Routledge, pp. 473-494.
This chapter offer a critical outlook of existing debates on state recognition and proposed future research directions. It argued that existing knowledge on state recognition and the dominant discourses, norms, and practices needs to be problematised and freed from power-driven, conservative, positivist, and legal interpretations, and reoriented in new directions in order to generate more critical, contextual, and emancipatory knowledge. The chapter proposes three major areas for future research on state recognition, which should: 1) expose the politics of knowledge and positionality in state recognition studies; as well as seek epistemic justice and decolonisation of the discipline; 2) study more thorough the recognitionality regimes encompassing of competing discourses, performances, and agential assemblages; and 3) explore the normative grounds for regulating the recognition of states in international system and promote the duty to recognise new states.